Smlandsslkten med en kvarts miljon medlemmar
The Lngaryd Family
By Per Andersson & Johan Lindhardt
Family includes a total of approximately 254 000 people (including
in-laws and similar), spanning 19 generations. Approximately 190 000 of
the family members are still alive and represent almost 2 percent of
The starting point of the family is the district public prosecutor Anders Jnsson (ca. 1662–1716) and his wife Ingrid Nilsdotter (1676–1753) of Lngaryd. Their descendants began to be explored in the 1970s. The survey has later on been extended to both his and her ancestors and those derived from them, i.e. siblings etc. to Anders and Ingrid.
The descendants are published in a family book, and the first version was printed in 1988. The most recent report of all family members is a book series in six volumes, whose last part was released in August 2014.
The recently traced descendants in this volume number 6 derive (like all ones in part 1–4 and even many in the number 5) from Anders Jnsson's oldest known ancestor, the Lngaryd farmer Simon (born in the early 1500s). This book contains the descendants of both Anders' sister Elisabeth Jnsdotter (ca. 1668–1705) of Sdra Tunnerbohult in the parish of Sdra Hestra, and their uncle Nils Larsson (ca. 1644–1704) of Holmen in Lngaryd.
The family has twice been listed in the Guinness Book of Records: as the largest mapped family from 1988, and for having gathered the biggest family reunion with more than 2 500 participants in Lngaryd in 1991. At the same place the descendants came together even in 1999 and erected a memorial stone to Anders and Ingrid.
The exploration of the family is headed by Per Andersson and Johan Lindhardt.
Preface of the books of 2006
The most fundamental relation between human beings is the kinship – based on a common origin – and the primary belonging of an individual is to the circle of relatives. Therefore family knowledge is fundamental for the knowledge about a society and its history. Each family reflects the local community and the nation to which it belongs, giving proof of social changes and patterns of geographical movements. To the individual and his family genealogical knowledge is a matter of vital importance for understanding their own role in time and space.
This book contributes to the description of
the Lngaryd Family (Lngarydsslkten) with its
starting-point in the district public prosecutor Anders Jnsson (ca. 1662–1716) and his wife Ingrid Nilsdotter (ca. 1676–1753) in the parish of
Lngaryd in the southern Swedish
The total number of persons in the family is at least 149 000. This extent has made the Lngaryd Family the world's largest family charted. As holder of the world record the family is since 1988 listed in the Swedish edition of Guinness Book of Records, in which it also occurs because of its family gathering at Lngaryd in 1991 which, on account of its more than 2 500 participants, became the biggest one in the world. At the same place a lot of descendants crowded also in 1999 to erect a memorial stone to the memory of the ancestors.
As a consequence of intermarriages – approximately 1 370 – between already related descendants some of the family members occur at more than one branch; as far as it is known the purest descendant counts no less than twelve lines to the progenitor. The complete family tree with all its branches known thus has in all 198 000 outgrowths, including those married into the family.
A considerable number of the inhabitants of
Lngaryd and the surrounding parishes in Smland and Halland belong to the
family, e. g. more than half the number of the present inhabitants of
Lngaryd. In addition countless branches have spread to other parts of Sweden
– to 289 out of 290 municipalities (all except Bjurholm in Vsterbotten
County in the North of Sweden) – and to about 60 countries in all
The mapping of the Lngaryd Family has been
going on for almost 30 years. Per Andersson started the research about this
family, his maternal grandfather's, at the age of
Exploring a family means an interplay between the component and the entirety. At the same time the structure should be total by knowledge of all persons' existence and the information on each and everyone should be complete, correct and current.
The genealogical research is first and foremost based upon the unique Swedish national registration documentation: parish registers, which for more ancient times are kept in the provincial archives and for more recent times at the parish civil registration office. For the most recent years the national registration is computerized within the local taxation offices located in places all over the country. Access to the original sources has been reached by a large number of visits to the archive authorities – such as almost 500 to a lot of parish registrarÕs offices – and by letter and by telephone. Information sources have also been: CD data bases such as Sveriges ddbok (a register of deceased Swedes) and The Swedish Population 1890, 1970 and 1980, lists of inheritors, printed family and personal history works, and oral information from relatives.
In the final phase of the family book process proof sheets have been distributed to one representative of each little part or branch of the family, whereby family members have given supplementary information on themselves and their nearest kinsfolk. This is considerably less time-consuming than tracing each descendant of our days in the national registration, and in addition the procedure described has made it possible to add fundamental information which in many cases is missing in the national registration, e. g. profession, name most commonly used, the person's own way of spelling his or her names, and cohabitation, which today is as important as marriages in a genealogical description. During the genealogical research a large number of letters, which can be counted in tens of thousands, have been exchanged. In addition there have been countless telephone calls and many personal visits.
In spite of all efforts to collect complete information some omissions still remain. The principal reason for lack of information concerning persons of today is that letters with proofs distributed have not been answered or answered incompletely. Although the frequencies of answers to the 13 000 distributed proof sheets was very high, about two out of three.
The genealogy consists of hundreds of thousands single data, and our ambition is of course that each of them will be correct. Nevertheless faults occur, and we ask for the readerÕs apology for those mistakes that maybe have been printed. As soon as we get information about some incorrect information we will correct in our material.
All sorts of completions and corrections from persons doing research and from family members in common are welcome. They may be single personal data, addition of persons formerly missed, connecting branches through previously undetected intermarriages, or a mapping of an unexplored branch. Also information on occurrences within the family – new-born children, contracted and dissolved marriages, deaths, changes of addresses, etc – will be received thankfully.
For keeping the contact with the family members there is a web site, www.langarydsslakten.se, and also an electronic newsletter (in Swedish) distributed to those who send us their e-mail address.
The genealogical investigation of the many-headed Lngaryd Family has been met with an overwhelming response. Thousands of relatives have generously contributed with valuable information. With great appreciation and joy we have also received many kind and encouraging greetings from relatives far and near.
To everyone who has helpfully contributed with bigger or smaller efforts to the realization of this work we hereby express our warmest thanks. The great majority of the descendants now living and in addition some other persons have taken part in the work with the book, either by just giving information on his or her own name most commonly used or by collecting data about members of his or her branch of the family or by contributing with their own research results. In spite of honest efforts it has finally turned out to be quite impossible to draw a fair distinction between contributory researchers and relatives delivering information about themselves, and point out those whose contribution has been of the greatest importance for the family mapping. Instead we will let the entire family book serve as a catalogue of collaborators and we wish that each and every one of them by this will receive our thanks for the valuable additions – great or small – that have made this great book possible.
The progenitor of the Lngaryd Family, the local district public prosecutor Anders Jnsson of Lngaryd, died at his farm Hljeryd in the year 1716 at the age of 54, and he was buried on April 22nd; thus he was born around 1662. His wife Ingrid Nilsdotter died at the farm Hlghult in the same parish on February 9th, 1753, 77 years old, which means she was born approximately in 1676. The parents of Anders Jnsson were Jns Andersson and his wife Elin Larsdotter of Hljeryd. They represents the first of the 15 generations of which we know family members.
The Lngaryd Family is divided into six branches, each one stemming from one of the six grown-up children of Anders Jnsson and Ingrid Nilsdotter:
a Anna Andersdotter (1697–1753), married 1717 to Anders Johansson (1687–1768), district public prosecutor, farmer at Hlghult, Lngaryd
b Kerstin Andersdotter (1700–1734), married 1723 to Jns Hansson (1691–1771), glazier master, farmer at Hljeryd and Bockshult, Lngaryd, a brother of the second wife of his brother-in-law Jns
C Jns Andersson (1702–1776), farmer at Hljeryd, Lngaryd, married 1:o 1725 to Regina Olofsdotter (ca 1697–1730), married 2:o 1736 to Ingeborg Hansdotter (1709–1785), a sister of the husband of her sister-in-law Kerstin
d Ingeborg Andersdotter (1704–1782), married 1:o 1725 to Per Andersson (ca 1681–1733), farm-owner at Krks, Lngaryd, married 2:o 1735 to Lars Larsson rberg (1702–1768), second lieutenant, merchant in Bors town, farm-owner at Krks
F Peter Andersson (1707–1793), glazier master, farmer at Blhult, Lngaryd, married 1731 to Karin Bengtsdotter (1712–1781)
H Nils Andersson (1712–1770), farm owner at Eseryd, Lngaryd, married 1737 to Anna Andersdotter (1717–1777)
There were also two sons who died very young, Bengt [E] och Anders [G].
The family that Anders Jnsson and Ingrid Nilsdotter created consists of at least 149 000 found individuals, including spouses and similar. Two thirds of them are still alive, belonging to the seven latest generations.
As a consequence of intermarriages – approximately 1 370 – between already related descendants almost 20 000 family members occur at more than one branch; as far as it is known the purest descendant counts no less than twelve lines to the progenitor. The complete family tree with all its branches known thus has in all 200 000 outgrowths, including those married into the family. Among the about 149 000 family members 100 000 are descendants to the progenitor and the others spouses of them.
The most frequent descendant, counted in number of biological lines, are Mikael Johansson [aCf GGG BbA:12] of Lngaryd, born in 1991, with 12 lines. He derives from four of the progenitorÕs children.
Four persons come from all of the six grown-up children of the progenitor: Bjrn and Marcus Carlberg [FbC pBd faA:8 och FbC pBd faB:8] of Unnaryd, born in 1983 and 1987, and Matilda and Martin Hjelmqvist [FbB Cbb BbB a:7 och FbB Cbb BbB B:7] of Lngaryd, born in 1988 and 1992.
The family members are spread to all
The most frequent parent in the family was Bengt Jnsson [FbC] (1764–1855) of Blhult, Lngaryd. With his two wives he had 20 children, born during the period of 1786–1824. In spite that eight of them died as children, until his death he got 61 grandchildren (born from 1807), 48 great-grandchildren (from 1826) and 9 great-great-grandchildren (from 1849), totally 138 descendants. Several of them died before Bengt Jnsson. After his death ten more grandchildren was born, and the complete number became 71.
Two family members have given birth to 17 children within a single marriage: Laura Karlsson ne Strmberg [aDD cca b:3] (1881–1950) of Horshult, Lngaryd, between 1902 and 1927, and Axia Johansson ne Davidsson [baE fdC b] (1891–1974) of Jnkping between 1913 and 1936. The Lngaryd Family counts almost 300 families with 10 or more children.
The eldest member of the Lngaryd Family,
hitherto, was Maria Christensson ne Sjholm [baA KaC d]. She was born on April 26th,
1898 of Hja near ngelholm, and she died on March 26th,
The numerous individuals of this family are arranged and presented according to a system for accounting genealogical material in a special form of pedigree and with systematic individual designations. This system was designed by Per Andersson in the years of 1977–1982 and was later partly improved.
The basic unit of this genealogical system is the individual, the building stone of a family, and all descendants of the progenitor are treated accordingly. The only qualification is the biological fact that the person is an offspring of the progenitor's. Unlike many other forms of family descriptions, here every other circumstance is irrelevant, such as sex, agnatic family affiliation (i. e. descent on an uninterrupted male line), what name is used, legitimate or illegitimate birth, the holding of an inheritable dignity or possession, civil status, age or social position.
The number of units of the family tree is delimited by a cognatic selection with a common starting-point, i. e. the total extent of all successors of the progenitor. The structure of all units arranged among themselves means that the children of each descendant are listed in order of their time of birth, the eldest child next to its parent, so that each elder line will be completed before a younger line succeeds, i. e. lineal primogeniture. All children, grandchildren etc of a person are consequently presented before his or her younger brothers and sisters. For each unit, i. e. person, values are aimed at to certain variables mentioned below. The empirical genealogical material is presented in a systematic way in a layout maximally compressed, in order to make it possible to include and survey all persons belonging to the family.
In the book each descendant has got a unique individual designation (individbeteckning, IB), a string of letters that exactly states his or her place among the other descendants of the large family, which would be very difficult to grasp without these distinctive marks. The starting-point when constructing the IB of a descendant is the progenitor. For each generation after him a letter is added up to and including the designated descendant. The place of the letter in the alphabet corresponds to the order of the individual among his or her brothers and sisters. A male person is given an upper-case letter and a female person a lower-case one. The letter units are grouped three together from the left. Example: the eldest child of the progenitor, who is a daughter, gets the designation of a, this daughter's third child, who is a son, aC, and so on. The system can be fully extended and will not – which would be the case with a current numbering of the descendants – be affected by new individuals born in the middle of the family. In every group of brothers and sisters there is room for at least as many children as the number of letters in the alphabet.
The IB can be regarded as a concentrated genealogical table showing the descendant's derivation from the progenitor. From the designation one can gather the individual's sex and place among brothers and sisters and other relatives. The number of letters in the IB of a descendant states to which generation he or she belongs, counted from the progenitor in generation number 0. The IB can also be converted into a kinship term; e. g. CFc is a son's son's daughter of the progenitor. Members of the family with equal number of letters in their designations are collaterals, i. e. belonging to the same generation. By the difference between upper- and lower-case letters in the IB it is also possible to understand which ancestor of the descendant the progenitor is, for example that EDa e counts him as her mother's father's father's father.
The generations of the family are numbered so that the progenitor has his place in generation number 0, his children in number 1, grandchildren 2, etc. The generation number thus corresponds to the number of letters in each designation of the offspring in that generation. At the top and at the bottom of each page of the book there are generation numbers marking columns where the information on the family members of the generation is to be found.
The relationship between two members of the family can be gathered when comparing their IBs. Then you ignore the first part of the designation which is identical for both of the persons. Even if the relatives do not belong to the same generation after the progenitor, the kinship stands out obviously, e. g. that gaB AA is a child of a first cousin of gac A. When removing the last letter in the IB of a certain descendant you will get the designation of the one of his or her parents who mediates the family line to the progenitor.
Persons allied to a family member, such as consorts and cohabitees, are given the IB of the descendant followed by g, g1, g2, sb, sb1, sb2 etc respectively, after a hyphen, when they are mentioned separately: Eh-g.
The lineal primogeniture means that the descendants are listed in alphabetical order according to their IBs. In case of a marriage between two persons both descending from the progenitor, their offspring trace their origins from the progenitor in more than one way. Then the descendants as a rule are listed on the pedigree at one of the branches where they belong, with reference at the other contracting party's own place.
Since the structure of related persons is the vital point of genealogical knowledge, there is no aim for any biographical description of the individual members of the family. Nor would this be possible when the number of persons is so large. Thus the description of each of the descendants has been concentrated to a pocketful of central variables with the intention of answering the following questions: who (name), what (title/profession), where (place), when (birth, death) and how (the relations backwards, sideways and onwards). The personal name is the term for identifying the individual. A title or profession information indicates the person's social status and a place of living his geographical abode. His and her chronological location comes out of year of birth and of death. After that remains defining the person in the total system of kinships in order to get knowledge about his or her relations to other persons in the family. This is done partly by the systematical IB which connects the descendant's genealogical environment, partly by mentioning persons connected to a descendant without being related, e. g. married. They represent brother- or sister-in-law junctions between families. The information on each individual is normally compressed to occupy just one line in the book.
The information aimed at for each descendant is: all Christian names with the name most commonly used given in upper-case letters, patronymic (father-name, e. g. Eriksdotter), family name or surname when unmarried, title/profession (noble descent, education, profession, occupation, ancillary occupation such as officer in the reserve, important commission of trust such as Member of Parliament, official distinction such as state decoration), name of farm in parenthesis after the profession for farmers, place of living, and date of birth and, when applicable, date of death. In addition, for a descendant who is or has been married or cohabiting or has issue outside marriage or cohabitation: married from date or cohabited from year, divorced or separated, and the same sort of information, except for place of living, on the allied person, and last of all on his or her text line the number of children in this alliance. With the principal purpose that both parents of each descendant should be accounted, equal to a consort are: a cohaibitee, a betrothed person (according to Swedish law before 1973) and otherwise the other parent of an illegitimate child. The same thing applies to registered partnership according to existing Swedish law. Within square brackets there may occur a specification of the person's family belonging, e. g. the number of a family introduced at the House of the Nobility or a reference to annual volume of the Svenska slktkalendern (the Swedish Genealogical Yearbook). In case both contracting parties are descendants of the progenitor, there will be a reference by IB to the connected personÕs own place in the family. At a descendant deriving his or her origin from the progenitor in more than one way the number of derivations is marked with :2, :3, etc finally in his IB.
Each person is stated under his or her family name (or surname or patronymic) when unmarried. Middle names are included, too, if the person when unmarried got his or her surname from the one parent and the middle name from the other. If a person has changed namnes, the new one is written after a vertical slash. The family name or surname of a male person married (or in another way allied) into the family is stated in bold type, as in other cases when a name of that sort referring to a descendant of the progenitor's occurs for the first time in a coherent text party. A family name or surname in italics marks a female ally, i. e. in most cases a wife. The name most commonly used is given within brackets, if it is not one of the official Christian names after these names, but always before a patronymic if there is one.
For spatial placement the place of living is used. That information is considered as more apt than place of birth and place of death, which at least for descendants of our time are rather insignificant due to more frequent geographical moving. Deceased members of the family are mentioned with the place where they lived during most of their lifetime. The place information may consist of a city, town, parish or the place in the postal address. The name of a Swedish parish is always accompanied by a county abbreviation (see the list of abbreviations).
The following abbreviations are used for the main genealogical constants: g(g1, g2, etc) for married (ÓtoÓ is excluded after the year of marriage), tr for betrothed, sb for cohabiting, bp for the other parent of a child born outside a relation of the types mentioned, and rp for registered partnership. When these abbreviations occur in the column to the right of the systematical designations their function is to state who is the other parent of the descendant, which is the case when the parent who is a member of the family has had more than one wife/husband or the like. A figure in brackets after g, g1, g2 etc states marriage number, if there were more than one, of the allied person; this is the custom until the year of 1900. Example: g1(2) means Ómarried for the first time in spouse's second marriageÓ. Adopted children and foster-children are distinguished by the abbreviations ad and fo respectively.
Professions and titles are abbreviated by excluding suffixes such as -are, -erska and -ande. Abbreviations moreover follow the abbreviation list of the book and general rules.
Since the family book is a historical description and not only a current calendar, marks such as ÓformerlyÓ and ÓemeritusÓ in connection with professions and positions that are no longer practised or held do not occur. Titles depending on age or civil status, such as Óretirement pensionerÓ and ÓwifeÓ, are not listed, and the same applies to ÓstudentÓ up to and including upper secondary school (senior high school) and a noble title acquired through marriage.
Time information given without an exact date or year states approximately, with the addition of an abbreviation of circa or an indication that it is counted from age (Sw. lder) information, e. g. 1662c, 17140609.
Adopted children and their offspring are accounted in the same way as biological descendants, but their individual designations contain the marking / at the generation change where the adoption took place, and the data about the adopted person start with the year of adoption. In certain cases foster-children are treated in the same way as adopted children, especially before today's way of adoption came into being.
Missing data about conditions during a period when the person in question has been followed are marked out with three dots, e. g. Óg 18830913-19ÉÓ. The marking Ó, É, ÉÓ after a personal name means that profession as well as place of living are missing. There is, however, no mark for lack of information about Christian names other than the one most commonly used as well as information about which of the Christian names is the one most commonly used.
In the column furthest to the right in the
family presentation there is information given that either further offspring
exist or may exist or that a line is extinct. After each person married (or
the like) into the family there is stated the number of children born in that
relation. When a deceased member of the family has no such relation at all,
the information on him or her ends with the abbreviation og (unmarried) which shows that no offspring
exists. Correspondingly the information on a person deceased when still a
child and without any offspring ends with du (dead young) if the year of death is missing.
The mark > means that descendants, if there are any, have not been
completely investigated. In case a descendant has not been followed till his
or her death or until today, there may be information about the last known
removal (from place, moving year and to place), e. g. Lngaryd F 1883
When in search of persons in the extensive material you can use, in addition to the systematical account of relatives, the two alfabetical indexes, one for family names – including surnames according to the Personal Name Act of 1982 – and one for place names.
In the family name index references are given to the page in the books of 2006 where the name occurs for the first time in a coherent text party, which means the bold-typed and italicized names in the genealogy. The most frequent Swedish family names (Andersson, Axelsson, Bengtsson, Carlsson, Claesson, Danielsson, Davidsson, Eriksson, Gustafsson, Gustavsson, Hansson, Jacobsson, Jakobsson, Jansson, Johansson, Johnson, Johnsson, Jonsson, Jnsson, Karlsson, Klasson, Larsson, Magnusson, Nilsson, Olofsson, Olsson, Persson, Petersson, Pettersson, Samuelsson och Svensson) are excluded since the number of persons with each of them is so great that references to them all would make efficient searching impossible. As a substitute in such cases you may find the way by searching a more distinctive name among the closest relatives of the person wanted, or by searching a place name.
A purpose of the place name index is to be
complementary to the family name index for the time before family names
became common and when most people instead used patronymics but were commonly
known under a geographical attribute, often the name of a farm or a croft. In
the place name index there are listed names of hamlets and farms as well as
parishes and towns and similar population centres. References to the most
frequent places (Falkenberg, Gteborg, Halmstad, Hyltebruk, Jnkping,
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